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Heavy-Duty Use and Charging of Power Tool Battery Packs : A Simulation-Based Study to Improve Cooling Strategies

  • In the fast-growing but also highly competitive market of battery-powered power tools, cell-pack-cooling systems are of high importance, as they guarantee safety and short charging times. A simulation model of an 18 V power tool battery pack was developed to be able to evaluate four different pack-cooling systems (two heat-conductive polymers, one phase change material, and non-convective air as reference) in an application scenario of practical relevance (the intensive use of a power tool followed by cooling down and charging steps). The simulation comprises battery models of 21700 cells that are commercially available as well as heat transfer models. The study highlights the performance of the different cooling materials and their effect on the maximum pack temperature and total charging cycle time. Key material parameters and their influence on the battery pack temperature and temperature homogeneity are discussed. Using phase change materials and heat-conductive polymers, a significantly lower maximum temperature during discharge (up to 26%) and a high shortening potential of the use/charging cycle (up to 32%) were shown. In addition to the cooling material sweep, a parameter sweep was performed, varying the external temperature and air movement. The high importance of the conditions of use on the cooling system’s performance was illustrated.

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Author:Veit Königer, Volker Knoblauch
Source Title (English):Applied Sciences
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2023
Release Date:2023/08/28
Number of Pages:19
Open Access:Open Access
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International