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The Influence of Sports Activities on the Intraocular Pressure – A Review

  • Purpose: The aim is to be able to advise patients on the choice of sports and exercises regarding the effects on the intraocular pressure. Methods: The search engines Google Scholar and PubMed were used to search for suitable studies. The studies were summarized, and the most important data were collected in one table for each study. The effect on the IOP was extracted or, if not given in the article, calculated by the difference of means of the IOP after or during exercise, and the baseline IOP before, whenever these values were available. Findings: A total of 47 studies out of the years 1990 to 2020 that investigated the influence on the IOP of the most popular sports actively practiced in Germany were reviewed and summarized: twelve for running, sixteen for fitness/ weight training, one for swimming/diving, twelve for cycling, four for hiking, and two for yoga. Conclusions: Throughout all studies and sports it was seen that physical fitness stabilized the IOP. Higher intensity of exercise led to higher fluctuations of the IOP. Moderate endurance training keeps the IOP fluctuations low and may lead to a lower baseline IOP if practiced on a regular base. Fitness and weight training lead to fluctuations of the IOP in a pronounced manner when performed at moderate and high intensity. Therefore, only a moderate training can be recommended if there is need to keep the IOP stable. Isometric exercise is not recommended as it provokes a rise of the IOP even when performed with light loads. The Valsalva Maneuver should always be avoided as it leads to additional fluctuations of the IOP. Also, the IOP behaved more stable during resistance training when higher fitness was present.

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Author:Katharina Kalb
Advisor:Anna Nagl, Yvonne Gier
Document Type:Master's Thesis
Year of Completion:2021
Release Date:2021/08/30
Number of Pages:XIV, 72 Seiten
Faculty:Optik und Mechatronik
Open Access:Open Access
Licence (German):License LogoVeröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen mit Print on Demand